Leopold II and his family

Leopold II and his family
Peter Leopold Johannes Anton Joachim Gotthard was born in 1747 as the ninth child of Queen Maria Theresia and her husband Franz Stephan. He received the name Peter, which was very unusual for the Hapsburgs, at the desire of his godmother Elisabeth, Empress of Russia. In 1765, he not only married the Spanish princess Maria Ludovica, but also became the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Leopold, having a good education, enacted multiple reforms and leaded the country out of misery into prosperity. In 1790, his older brother, Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor, died surprisingly at the age of 48, he succeeded his brother and became himself the Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of all Hapsburg territories. However, two years later he died and was succeeded by his son Franz. His wife Maria Ludovica, with whom he had 16 children, only outlived him by two months. They left behind many under-age children, who then were raised by relatives.

 Their children:

Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna

married in 1787 Anton of Saxony; had four children who all died in their infancy

Franz Joseph Karl

known as Franz II ,Holy Roman Emperor; married four times and had 13 children

Ferdinand Joseph Johann Babtist

Franz I as a child

Franz I as a child

known as Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany; married two times and had 6 children.

Maria Anna Ferdinanda Leopoldine Charlotte Josepha

was an abbess of a female monastery in Prague

Carl Ludwig Johann Joseph Laurentius

known as Duke of Teschen, married Henriette Alexandrine princess of Nassau-Weilburg; they had 7 children

Alexander Leopold Johann Joseph Eusebius

died in an accident at the age of 22

Albrecht Johann Joseph 

died shortly after his birth

Maximilian Johann Joseph

died at the age of 4

Joseph Anton Johann Baptist

married three times and had 8 children

Maria Klementina Josepha Johanna Fidelis

married Francesco of Sicily; died at the age of 24 at the birth of her second child

Anton Viktor Joseph Johann Raimund

never married

Maria Amalia Josepha Johanna Katharina Theresia

died at the age of 18

Johann Baptist Joseph Fabian Sebastian

married against the will of his family the non-aristocratic Anna Plochl, who was the daughter of a local postmaster; had one son named Franz; there is also a movie based on the love story of archduke Johann and Anna Plochl

Rainer Joseph Johann Michael Franz Hieronymus

married Maria Elisabeth of Savoyen-Carignan and had 8 children

Ludwig Joseph Anton

died unmarried and without issues

Rudolf Johann Joseph Rainer

was archbishop of Olmütz

Maria Theresia and her children


The queen Maria Theresia of Habsburg- Lothringen was born as Maria Theresia Walburga Amalia Christina in 1717. She was the ruler of almost half Europe for over 40 years. In 1737 she married Franz Stephan Duke of Lorraine. When she was in her early twenties her father died and she became queen. Maria Theresia never received a political education, because her father wanted a boy as successor and so she had to teach everything herself . In the beginning of her reign, she was not accepted as queen by the kings of Prussia and Bavaria. The results were two wars. Over the course of twenty years, Maria Theresa gave birth to sixteen children, thirteen of whom survived infancy. One of her major interests was to marry off her children. She didn´t care much, if her children loved their future partner. It was only important that there is an advantage for the state. Nevertheless she was always a passionate mother, who wrote once a week letters to all her children.


Her children


Maria Elisabeth Amalia Antonia Josepha Gabriela Johanna Agatha

Died in  infancy


Maria Anna Josepha Antonia, called Marianna

She was often ill, but very interested in natural science. Marianna never married and became abbess in a convent in Klagenfurt.


Maria Karolina Ernestina Antonia Johanna Josepha

Died in  infancy


Joseph Benedikt August Johann Anton Michael Adam

He later became King Joseph II. His first beloved wife Isabella of Parma died after she had given birth to their first child. Joseph never wanted to marry again, but he was forced by his mother. His second wife was Maria Josepha of Bavaria. He had two children, who died in their infancy.


Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia called Mimi or Marie

She was the favorite daughter of Maria Theresia. Mimi was the only child, who was allowed to marry the man she loved.


Maria Elisabeth Josepha

As a teenager she was known as the most beautiful princess in Vienna but she became ill when she was 13. Her appearance never really recovered. After her mother’s death her brother sent her to a women convent, where she staid the rest of her life.


Karl Joseph Emanuel Johann Nepomuck Anton Prokop

He was the favorite son of Maria Theresia and she wanted him to become the next king. Unfortunately he died after a severe illness at the age of 16.


Maria Amalia Josepha Johanna Antonia

At the age of 23 she was forced to marry, the only 17 year old, Ferdinand of Parma against her will. In this time she was in love with a young prince, but her mother regarded him as too politically insignificant for marriage. She was the only child, who broke off the contact with Maria Theresia. She had 7 children.


Peter Leopold Joseph Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard called Leopold

The name Peter, which is very unusual for the Habsburgs, was requested by his godmother Elisabeth of Russia. At first he was only duke of the Toscana, but after Joseph II death, he became emperor of Austria. In 1765 he married Maria Ludovica, the daughter of the Spanish king Karl III. They had 16 children together.


Maria Karolina

Died at birth


Johanna Gabriele

She was the only daughter, who didn´t receive the name Maria, because her godfather was protestant. Johanna died at the age of 12 because of smallpox. Before her early death she was engaged to Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.


Maria Josepha Gabriela Johanna Antonia Anna

She died soon after her sister Johanna Gabriele at the age of 11. After her sister’s death her mother engaged her  to Ferdinand I.


Maria Karolina Luise Josepha Johanna Antonia called Caroline

1768 she had to marry Ferdinand I. She didn´t love her husband, but accepted her situation. As queen of Sicily and Parma she had a great influence in politics. They had 18 children.


Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislauss

At the age of 17 he married Maria Beatrice d´Este. They had 8 children.


Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna, known as Marie Antoinette

She was married at the age of 15 to the French dauphin. When she was 19 she became Queen Marie Antoinette of France. She was very unhappy with her situation. The queen had 4 children, three of them died before their 10th birthday. She was killed in 1793 at the age of 39 because of the French Revolution.

Maximilian Franz Xaver Joseph Johann Anton de Paula Wenzel called Max

His mother chose the clerical carrier for him, when he was a child. Max later became archbishop of Cologne.

Names of the Habsburg family


History was always my favorite subject at school. There was a time, where I read a lot about the Habsburg family. The Habsburgs were over 500 years the rulers of big parts of middle Europe. Such a family also had very interesting names. Last year I read a book about the infancy in the Habsburg family.


I wrote some of the names, which were mentioned, down. All this girls were born between the 15 and the 18 century. Some of them became queens and some died in infancy.


Isabella Clara Eugenia

This name sounds very stylish and modern, but it´s the oldest on my list. I also noticed that the initial letters together result in the word ICE. Ice could be an original nick name for girls, to whom Isabella sounds to frilly.


Maria Antonia Josepha Benedicta Rosalia

As a result of the rising popularity of Benedikt, Benedicta could be a great version for girls. Rosalia might appeal to parents, who like names, which have a Mediterranean feeling.


Marianna Apollonia Giuseppa Antonia Scolastica

Apollonia is a long loved favorite of mine, but nowadays it seems to extinct.

Scolastica with the meaning pupil is a very rare name. Besides this princess, I never saw this name somewhere.


Gregoria Maximiliana


Ludovica Francisca Elisabetha


Katharina Renea

Renea is probably a version of Renata.


Maria Josepha Clementia Anna Gabriela Antonia Francisca Dominica Theresia Eva Plecida

This princess received the amount of 11 names. I think that they wanted to honor as much godparents as possible. Among them, there are also some extraordinary and rare ones like Clementia, Dominica and Plecida


Maria Theresia Walburgis Amalia Christina

She was the mother of Marie Antoinette and other 14 children. Maria Theresia was the most famous queen of the Habsburg monarchy.


Maria Carolina Ludovica Josepha Joanna Antonia


Maria Eleonora


Maria Leopoldine


Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna

This was the birth name of the archduchess, who later became famous as Marie Antoinette.