Leopold II and his family

Leopold II and his family
Peter Leopold Johannes Anton Joachim Gotthard was born in 1747 as the ninth child of Queen Maria Theresia and her husband Franz Stephan. He received the name Peter, which was very unusual for the Hapsburgs, at the desire of his godmother Elisabeth, Empress of Russia. In 1765, he not only married the Spanish princess Maria Ludovica, but also became the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Leopold, having a good education, enacted multiple reforms and leaded the country out of misery into prosperity. In 1790, his older brother, Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor, died surprisingly at the age of 48, he succeeded his brother and became himself the Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of all Hapsburg territories. However, two years later he died and was succeeded by his son Franz. His wife Maria Ludovica, with whom he had 16 children, only outlived him by two months. They left behind many under-age children, who then were raised by relatives.

 Their children:

Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna

married in 1787 Anton of Saxony; had four children who all died in their infancy

Franz Joseph Karl

known as Franz II ,Holy Roman Emperor; married four times and had 13 children

Ferdinand Joseph Johann Babtist

Franz I as a child

Franz I as a child

known as Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany; married two times and had 6 children.

Maria Anna Ferdinanda Leopoldine Charlotte Josepha

was an abbess of a female monastery in Prague

Carl Ludwig Johann Joseph Laurentius

known as Duke of Teschen, married Henriette Alexandrine princess of Nassau-Weilburg; they had 7 children

Alexander Leopold Johann Joseph Eusebius

died in an accident at the age of 22

Albrecht Johann Joseph 

died shortly after his birth

Maximilian Johann Joseph

died at the age of 4

Joseph Anton Johann Baptist

married three times and had 8 children

Maria Klementina Josepha Johanna Fidelis

married Francesco of Sicily; died at the age of 24 at the birth of her second child

Anton Viktor Joseph Johann Raimund

never married

Maria Amalia Josepha Johanna Katharina Theresia

died at the age of 18

Johann Baptist Joseph Fabian Sebastian

married against the will of his family the non-aristocratic Anna Plochl, who was the daughter of a local postmaster; had one son named Franz; there is also a movie based on the love story of archduke Johann and Anna Plochl

Rainer Joseph Johann Michael Franz Hieronymus

married Maria Elisabeth of Savoyen-Carignan and had 8 children

Ludwig Joseph Anton

died unmarried and without issues

Rudolf Johann Joseph Rainer

was archbishop of Olmütz

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Latin Names Part III

I have finished my studies of Latin some months ago, but I forgot to post the last part of my Latin Names series. The first and the second part dealt with male and female name. The post today is all about ancient place names. Some of them are not as usable as others. My favourite is Aventin, which is one of the seven hill Rome was built on. Aventin is very similar to  Valentin and it also has the consonant V in it, which is quite fashionable nowadays. Adding an “E”, it  becomes a girl name. In my sims game I have a father called Aventin and a daughter Aventine named after him.

Latin Place Names

Aegyptus

Africa

Alba

Alesia

Aventin

Aventinus

Campania

Cannae

Gallia

Hispania

Italia

Lusitania

Nilus

Orcus

Palatin

Palatium

Pontus

Remuria

Roma

Sicilia

Siculus

Sparta

Tiberis

Troia

Latin Names Part II

Dido and Aeneas by Pierre-Narcisse Guerin

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Here are some more names, which I have found in my Latin text book.

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Female Citizen

Acte

Aethra

Camilla

Cassandra

Cynthia

Domitilla

Eurydica

Helena

Iulia

Paulina

Proserpina

Sabina Poppaea

Safrania

Sibylla

Magdalia

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Gods and mythological figures

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Male

Achilles

Aeneas

Aesculapius

Anchises

Apollo

Cerberus

Ceres

Dis

Hannibal

Hercules

Iulus

Iuppiter

Liber

Mars

Mercurius

Neptunus

Numitor

Orpheus

Pelops

Remus

Romulus

Tellus

Ulixes

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Female

Dido

Flora

Iuno

Minerva

Venus

Vesta

The Baggett family

Bugget family  in 1925

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I came across this lovely family by accident some days ago. The Baggett family is not famous, but they chose very interesting names for their offspring, which also feel very up-to-date. The family photo above is from 1925, so most of the children are born in the beginning of the 20th century

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The parents are named Edward and Mary

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The children (eldest to youngest):

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Agnes

Elsa

Harley

Lola (twin)

Neva (twin)

Cleo

Edith

Dorothy (called Dot)

Wilma (called Billie)

Roland (called Hank)

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Most of these names feel very “modern” today, but they were also quite popular back in 1900.

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Agnes occupied the 41 position in the US-American statistics back then. Today Agnes is also represented, but mostly in Northern European states. In Norway it ranked on #98 and in Sweden it is even on #15.

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Elsa is a diminutive of Elisabeth and was on #335 in 1900. Today Elsa is gaining much popularity. In France it ranked #70 and in Sweden even #7 in 2010.

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Harley was on #224 back in 1900. Today it feels fresh again. In England and Wales it is currently at #57. In the USA more girls than boys receive this name nowadays.

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Lola ranked #114 in 1900. Nowadays Lola is one of the hottest names around the world. In Australia it ranked #96, in Great Brittan #33, in Belgium #35 and in France it’s on the 10th position of the most common female names in 2010.

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Neva, which is a short form of Geneva was quite popular back then, it ranked #260. Neva is nowhere popular today. But it might be a great alternative for parents, who like unusual names, which are very simple and have historical roots.

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Cleo, a variation of Clio or a diminutive of Cleopatra, ranked #226 for girls and #393 for boys in 1900. Today Cleo is on the 323th position in France. Even if the name doesn´t show up in the statistics of the USA today, it seem very fresh due to its similarity to over-popular Chloe.

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Edith ranked on #36 in 1900. Today it is getting more and more attention, it is on #819 in the USA and #60 in Sweden.

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Dorothy was the most popular name of the sibset. It was on the 27 position and stayed popular for decades. Dorothy even was on the second place for several years. Today it doesn´t rank anywhere, but it might have a comeback in some years.

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Wilma, which is a diminutive of German Wilhelmina, was on #187 in 1900, it reached its peak in the late 1920s on # 62 in the USA. In 2010 it was #5 in Sweden and even Number 1 in 2007.

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Roland is used quite often in the last hundred years. On #156 in 1900 and currently it´s on #769 in the USA.

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Latin Names (Part I)

Gladiator

I have started to learn Latin last autumn. Besides much grammar, I also encountered many new names. Some names seem very strange nowadays but others like Atticus are very up-to-date. I have divided the names in different categories.

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Citizen

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Antronius

Atticus

Aulus

Aurelius Scaurus

Benedictus

Christianus

Clodius

Cornelius

Felicio

Gaius Iulius Caesar

Gaius Plinius Secundus

Gnaeus Claudius

Idomeneus

Livineius Regulus

Lucilius

Lucius

Marcus

Menaulus

Nero

Otho

Paris

Paulus

Philo

Philodemus

Publius

Quintus

Rufrius Crispinus

Seneca

Sextus

Sinon

Tiberius

Tiberius Sempronius

Timarchides

Titus

Titus Iulius

Traianus

Vercingetorix

Verres

Vitruvius

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Slaves

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Alumnus

Calimorfus

Davus

Lydius

Syrus 

 

Picture:http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:Gladiators_from_the_Zliten_mosaic_3.JPG&filetimestamp=20080131101206

Maria Theresia and her children

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The queen Maria Theresia of Habsburg- Lothringen was born as Maria Theresia Walburga Amalia Christina in 1717. She was the ruler of almost half Europe for over 40 years. In 1737 she married Franz Stephan Duke of Lorraine. When she was in her early twenties her father died and she became queen. Maria Theresia never received a political education, because her father wanted a boy as successor and so she had to teach everything herself . In the beginning of her reign, she was not accepted as queen by the kings of Prussia and Bavaria. The results were two wars. Over the course of twenty years, Maria Theresa gave birth to sixteen children, thirteen of whom survived infancy. One of her major interests was to marry off her children. She didn´t care much, if her children loved their future partner. It was only important that there is an advantage for the state. Nevertheless she was always a passionate mother, who wrote once a week letters to all her children.

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Her children

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Maria Elisabeth Amalia Antonia Josepha Gabriela Johanna Agatha

Died in  infancy

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Maria Anna Josepha Antonia, called Marianna

She was often ill, but very interested in natural science. Marianna never married and became abbess in a convent in Klagenfurt.

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Maria Karolina Ernestina Antonia Johanna Josepha

Died in  infancy

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Joseph Benedikt August Johann Anton Michael Adam

He later became King Joseph II. His first beloved wife Isabella of Parma died after she had given birth to their first child. Joseph never wanted to marry again, but he was forced by his mother. His second wife was Maria Josepha of Bavaria. He had two children, who died in their infancy.

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Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia called Mimi or Marie

She was the favorite daughter of Maria Theresia. Mimi was the only child, who was allowed to marry the man she loved.

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Maria Elisabeth Josepha

As a teenager she was known as the most beautiful princess in Vienna but she became ill when she was 13. Her appearance never really recovered. After her mother’s death her brother sent her to a women convent, where she staid the rest of her life.

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Karl Joseph Emanuel Johann Nepomuck Anton Prokop

He was the favorite son of Maria Theresia and she wanted him to become the next king. Unfortunately he died after a severe illness at the age of 16.

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Maria Amalia Josepha Johanna Antonia

At the age of 23 she was forced to marry, the only 17 year old, Ferdinand of Parma against her will. In this time she was in love with a young prince, but her mother regarded him as too politically insignificant for marriage. She was the only child, who broke off the contact with Maria Theresia. She had 7 children.

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Peter Leopold Joseph Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard called Leopold

The name Peter, which is very unusual for the Habsburgs, was requested by his godmother Elisabeth of Russia. At first he was only duke of the Toscana, but after Joseph II death, he became emperor of Austria. In 1765 he married Maria Ludovica, the daughter of the Spanish king Karl III. They had 16 children together.

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Maria Karolina

Died at birth

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Johanna Gabriele

She was the only daughter, who didn´t receive the name Maria, because her godfather was protestant. Johanna died at the age of 12 because of smallpox. Before her early death she was engaged to Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

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Maria Josepha Gabriela Johanna Antonia Anna

She died soon after her sister Johanna Gabriele at the age of 11. After her sister’s death her mother engaged her  to Ferdinand I.

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Maria Karolina Luise Josepha Johanna Antonia called Caroline

1768 she had to marry Ferdinand I. She didn´t love her husband, but accepted her situation. As queen of Sicily and Parma she had a great influence in politics. They had 18 children.

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Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislauss

At the age of 17 he married Maria Beatrice d´Este. They had 8 children.

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Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna, known as Marie Antoinette

She was married at the age of 15 to the French dauphin. When she was 19 she became Queen Marie Antoinette of France. She was very unhappy with her situation. The queen had 4 children, three of them died before their 10th birthday. She was killed in 1793 at the age of 39 because of the French Revolution.

Maximilian Franz Xaver Joseph Johann Anton de Paula Wenzel called Max

His mother chose the clerical carrier for him, when he was a child. Max later became archbishop of Cologne.

The Mozart family

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The world-famous composer was born in 1756 in Salzburg and was baptized as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus. He later called himself Wolfgang Amadé Mozart. Amadé is the Latin version of Theophilus. Both have the meaning love of god. Today he is known as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

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His Parents:

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Johann Georg Leopold Mozart. He always went by the name Leopold.

Anna Maria Walburga Mozart, neé Pertl

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His sister:

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Maria Anna Walburgis Ignatia with the nickname “Nannerl”.

She was also a talented pianist, but never became famous. Nannerl married Johann Babtist Franz von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg. They had three children.

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Leopold Alois Pantaleon

Johanna Maria Anna Elisabeth called Jeanette

Maria Barbara called Maria Babette


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His wife and children

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In 1782 he married Constanze Weber. They had 6 children together. Only two of them survived their childhood.

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Raimund Leopold

 Mozarts sons Karl and Franz Xaver

Karl Thomas

 

Johann Thomas Leopold

 

Theresia Constanzia Adelheid Friedericke Maria Anna

 

Anna Maria

 

Franz Xaver Wolfgang

´Only Karl and Franz survived. Both were musicians and both died without issues.

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Other relatives:

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Maria Anna Thekla called “Bäsle”

She was his favorite cousin.

 

 

Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau and Salome Alt- A love story

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Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau became archbishop of Salzburg at the young age of 28. Shortly after his arrival in Salzburg, he fell in love with a beautiful merchant´s daughter, named Salome Alt. They wanted to marry but their appeal for an dispensation by the pontifex, which would allow the archbishop to marry legally despite his profession, was refused.  Nevertheless, they lived together for over 22 years. To keep their relationship a secret, the archbishop built the palace Mirabell, back than called Altenau. Today the palace is situated in the centre of Salzburg, but in the 17th century it was situated on the edge of the mediaeval city. The archbishop and his mistress had 16 children, of only little is known today. Only 10 children survived their infancy,  two of their sons married and further two followed their father´s profession and became clergymen.  Salome Alt was never an ordinary mistress as she was always the only woman in the bishop´s live. Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau died after political conflicts in the dungeons of his former fortress Hohensalzburg. Salome had to flee with their children to a cousin in Upper Austria. She died there at the old age of 94.

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The names of the children (all were born in the beginning of the 17 century), which are known, are:

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Hannibal

Helena

Euphemia

Maria Salome

Eusebia

Cäcilie

Anton

Wolf Dietrich

Viktor

Johann Georg Eberhard

Susanna

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Sources:
http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:Wolf-Dietrich_von_Raitenau_P1380516.JPG&filetimestamp=20071008131032
http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:Salome_Alt.jpg&filetimestamp=20060223125631

The archbishops of Salzburg

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The city Salzburg is since the 7 century a diocesan town. The bishops and later archbishops were the clerical and secular rulers of the area. They built the city and often redesigned it.

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As a name nerd, I had to look up the names of the bishops. And here are to most unusual and interesting ones:

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Rupert

Vitalis

Virgil

Arno

Liupram

Thiemo

Pilgrim

Konrad

Weichart

Bernhard

Leonhard

Matthäus

Ernst

Wolf Dietrich

Markus Sittikus

Paris

Maximilian Gandolph

Franz Anton

Hieronymus

Leopold

Augustin Johann

Balthasar

Ignaz

Eduard

Alois

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http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:Salome_Alt.jpg&filetimestamp=20060223125631

Names of the Habsburg family

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History was always my favorite subject at school. There was a time, where I read a lot about the Habsburg family. The Habsburgs were over 500 years the rulers of big parts of middle Europe. Such a family also had very interesting names. Last year I read a book about the infancy in the Habsburg family.

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I wrote some of the names, which were mentioned, down. All this girls were born between the 15 and the 18 century. Some of them became queens and some died in infancy.

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Isabella Clara Eugenia

This name sounds very stylish and modern, but it´s the oldest on my list. I also noticed that the initial letters together result in the word ICE. Ice could be an original nick name for girls, to whom Isabella sounds to frilly.

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Maria Antonia Josepha Benedicta Rosalia

As a result of the rising popularity of Benedikt, Benedicta could be a great version for girls. Rosalia might appeal to parents, who like names, which have a Mediterranean feeling.

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Marianna Apollonia Giuseppa Antonia Scolastica

Apollonia is a long loved favorite of mine, but nowadays it seems to extinct.

Scolastica with the meaning pupil is a very rare name. Besides this princess, I never saw this name somewhere.

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Gregoria Maximiliana

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Ludovica Francisca Elisabetha

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Katharina Renea

Renea is probably a version of Renata.

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Maria Josepha Clementia Anna Gabriela Antonia Francisca Dominica Theresia Eva Plecida

This princess received the amount of 11 names. I think that they wanted to honor as much godparents as possible. Among them, there are also some extraordinary and rare ones like Clementia, Dominica and Plecida

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Maria Theresia Walburgis Amalia Christina

She was the mother of Marie Antoinette and other 14 children. Maria Theresia was the most famous queen of the Habsburg monarchy.

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Maria Carolina Ludovica Josepha Joanna Antonia

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Maria Eleonora

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Maria Leopoldine

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Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna

This was the birth name of the archduchess, who later became famous as Marie Antoinette.

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Photo:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Infantas_Isabella_Clara_Eugenia_and_Catalina_Micaela%2C_1570.jpg